BASIC CONCEPTS OF THERMODYNAMICS

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BASIC CONCEPTS OF THERMODYNAMICS

KINETIC THEORY OF GASES

The kinetic theory of gases deals with the behavior of molecules constituting the gas. According to this theory, the molecules of all gases are in continuous motion. As a result of this they possess kinetic energy which is transferred from molecule to molecule during their collision. The energy so transferred produces a change in the velocity of individual molecules.

Do you know, HOW BLOOD GROUPS ARE INHERITED ?

DEFINITION OF THERMODYNAMICS

Concepts of Thermodynamics
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Thermodynamics may be defined as :

  • an axiomatic science which deals with the relations among heat, work and properties of system which are in equilibrium. It describes state and changes in state of physical systems                                                                                                                                                                     Or
  • the science of the regularities governing processes of energy conversion                 Or
  • the science that deals with the interaction between energy an material systems.

Thermodynamics, basically entails four laws : which are known as 0th, 1st, 2nd and 3rd law of thermodynamics.

  • Zeroth law deals with thermal equilibrium and establishes a concept of  temperature
  • First law throws light on concept of internal energy.
  • Second law indicates the limit of converting heat into work and introduces the principle of increase of entropy.
  • Third law defines the absolute zero of entropy.

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